It’s a huge shame, but for every advancement and achievement aimed to help those in need, there’s a criminal somewhere in the world plotting the best way to use that advancement to profit at the expense of others.
Pharmaceutical drugs are certainly not an exception to that rule. Since a large portion of people in developed and developing countries can’t afford genuine medication, they turn to the black market. But this market is notoriously riddled with counterfeit medications that place the patients at major risk. The World Health Organization estimates that up to 10 percent of the world’s pharmaceutical products could be counterfeit.
Counterfeit Drugs are Expanding
Counterfeit drug makers are learning sophisticated technological methods to manufacture cartoning equipment and package products, but no global standardized anti-counterfeit identification criteria exists. Resistance efforts have always relied on sophisticated packaging that counterfeiters can’t replicate, but it’s been proven that these criminals are not willing to be beaten.
Severe, Undeniable Danger
One notorious counterfeit case in Africa in 1999 involved a batch of cough medicine made with anti-freeze instead of glycerine. The batch killed hundreds of unsuspecting people just trying their best to seek medical support in any way they could.
The Vital Role of Packaging in the Coming Years
To fight this dangerous counterfeit medication, explicit anti-counterfeiting packaging strategies must be employed. Holographic devices and color-shifting ink, for example, can make it easy to validate packaging in an efficient manner. Holograms in particular are impossible to replicate with traditional printing and can be made so complex with hidden images and nano-text that counterfeiters don’t stand a chance.
Covert, or hidden, technologies are also a vital security measure. Infrared and ultraviolet detection, micro-text, and microscopic tagging are all technologies to support forensic solutions. Some big name pharmaceutical companies are even exploring the use of radio frequency identification devices.
By combing these covert and overt technologies, a higher level of security can prevent counterfeiting and save many lives.
Economical activity in the manufacturing sector expanded in January for the 20th straight month, as well as the total market grew for the 68th consecutive month, say the countries supply executives in the most recent Manufacturing ISM Report On Business.
Production expanded in January as the PMI registered 53.5 percent, a decline of 1.6 percentage points when compared to Decembers reading of 55.1 percent, suggesting increase in manufacturing for the 20th straight month. A reading above 50 percent indicates the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates it is generally contracting.
The dividing line between increase and decline is 50 percent, thus while January manufacturing production increased the index amount indicates production is increasing at a slower speed. Every one of the elements of the index that deal with orders and production were less favorable. The backlog index dropped to 45, suggesting that orders are not adequate to keep backlogs upwards. The sole good news in the report is the employment index continues to indicate a growing amount of manufacturing employment.
As a result, the January PMI suggests increase for the 68th straight month in the total market, and suggests expansion in the production sector for the 20th straight month.
Remarks in the panel suggest that many businesses, although not all, are experiencing strong demand as 2015 kicks off. The West Coast dock slow down remains an issue, negatively affecting both exports and imports together with stocks, includes Holcomb.
Orders, Production and Stock
A New Orders Index above 52.1 percent, over time, is normally consistent with an rise in the Census Bureaus series on manufacturing orders (in constant 2000 dollars).
ISMs Generation Index read 56.5 percent in January, which is a decline of 1.2 percentage points when compared to the seasonally adjusted 57.7 percent reported in December, indicating increase in generation for the 11th straight month. An index above 51.1 percent, over time, is normally consistent with an rise in the Federal Reserve Boards Industrial Production amounts.
The Inventories Index registered 51 percent in January, which is 5.5 percentage points higher than the 45.5 percent filed in December, suggesting raw materials stocks are growing following one month of stocks contracting.
Exports, Imports and Costs
Januarys reading represents a month of contraction in the amount of exports, following 25 straight months of increase in new export orders.
This months reading signifies 24 consecutive months of increase in imports.
An important drawback to the ISM report is the production trade deficit proceeds to get worse, Meckstroth warns. Imports are growing faster and exports are dropping. The export index dipped below 50 to 49.5 but the imports index climbed to 55.5 from 55 in December. Foreign trade is likely to be a drag on production task in 2013.
The ISM Prices Index read 35 percent in January, which will be a decrease of 3.5 percentage points compared to the December reading of 38.5 percent. In January, 11 percent of respondents reported paying higher costs, 41 percent reported paying lower costs, and 48 percent of supply executives reported paying the same costs as in December. It is the third consecutive month that raw materials costs have shown a decline, using the Costs Index falling a total of 18.5 percentage points over these three months. A Prices Index above 52.1 percent, over time, is normally consistent with an rise in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Producer Price Index for Intermediate Materials.
Dropping oil prices along with other commodity costs are apparent in the report, Meckstroth included. The price index suggested decreasing costs for the past three months. Deflation in commodity costs is good for consumers (particularly petroleum costs) but it can affect the rate of investment spending.
It is the 19th straight month of increase in employment. An Employment Index above 50.6 percent, over time, is normally consistent with an rise in the Bureau of Labor Statistics data on manufacturing employment.
The January ISM report is neither great nor poor but lukewarm, Meckstroth reasons. Making creation was extremely powerful in the fourth quarter (5.2 percent increase in manufacturing industrial creation), with the entire market decelerating from a increase of 5 percent in the third quarter to 2.6 percent in the fourth quarter. Production action is now changing into a slower, more sustainable rate of growth.
From Hurricane Sandy to Typhoon Haiyan, there is not any denying that extreme weather is practically a annual anticipation. For businesses leveraging international supply chains which are prone to high-impact weather patterns or natural disasters, these amounts are crucial that you pay attention to. They need to send a sign to organizations that if their supply chains will not be prepared now for another extreme weather event or natural disaster, they need to begin planning to be to ensure they are able to continue business as usual to the top of their skills after it passes.
And they’re. The truth is, 88 percent of manufacturing companies noted hazards associated with natural disasters in the investigation. When natural disasters strike, workers security is in danger, assets are exposed, transport could break down, substantial delays could happen and businesses may be displaced and even shut down completely. That is why advanced training could prove crucial to minimizing the damage these calamities or extreme weather events may cause.
In case a vital wide receiver or quarterback is benched because of serious harm, the teams capability to perform decreases, affecting overall match functionality and perhaps eventually ticket sales. Likewise, if one measure in the supply chain is crashes, the entire business can confront irreparable damages, from millions lost in sales to potential plant closures. Yet, just as having a football team, when there is a second stringer trained to takeover, including a provider within an unaffected region, the company impact could ultimately be prevented.
Several examples emphasizing how extreme weather or natural disasters could significantly weaken firms supply chains comprise:
Actually the Journal of Commerce reported, Ten businesses reported slower supplier deliveries in January (2014), in the makers of plastics, rubber and paper goods, to appliance and electronic equipment manufacturing companies.
2010 Thailand Flooding: For three weeks the nation experienced massive floods that left tens of thousands of factories throughout central Thailand, including several of the very famous hard drive makers, under water and not able to work. A few of the worlds biggest computer manufacturing companies were without a dependable prediction about when critical parts will be around once again according to The New York Times, as well as the Business Forward Foundation noted that as a result Creation by consumer electronics manufacturing companies in the U.S. fell by one third.
As among the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded, Tohuko caused major casualties and infrastructure damage, that was just amplified by the destruction of numerous nuclear reactors in charge of supplying the area with electricity. It also significantly affected the automobile industry.
Several factors for strengthening supply chains comprise:
Use varied providers and creation places to more adequately protect the supply chain;
Work collaboratively with providers to come up with a resilient supply chain that will resist the occurrence of extreme weather;
Contemplate changes in secondary or backup places and procedures, decrease strategies, logistic options, examined worker security and evacuation plans, essential contracts as well as other important impacts to the company risk profile;
Evaluate whether accounting systems can sufficiently get info to quantify and document declines, including lost orders, cancellations, decline in demand, additional expenses, property remediation and property repair;
Evaluate whether workers have already been sufficiently trained to capture important loss data and documentation;
Review insurance policies for proper values and coverage, including: deductibles and self-retentions, coverages for example flooding, contingent business interruption, drawn-out amount of indemnity, civil authority, ingress/egress, average payroll, power outages and claim preparation fees; and
Backup records as well as other vital info.
Preparing for the unpredictable is never simple. By executing these baseline measures, an organization can minimize its supply chains exposure to any weather event or natural disaster, that may help it keep composed prior to, during and following the thunderstorm.